The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus is one of the greatest tombs of all time. A mausoleum is a great tomb, named after King Mausolus of Caria, who was buried in the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. Yes, we got a word from this tomb: mausoleum. A mausoleum only originally meant “dedicated to Mausolus”.
When Mausolus ascended to the throne in 377 B.C.E., he immediately started new changes in the land of Caria. The empire adopted Greek culture and language, as well as an attempt to make Caria a democracy. Mausolus also chose Halicarnassus for the capital city, in which was immediately starting to rebuild.
Mausolus ordered a palace and a private harbor off the coast on an island in Halicarnassus. But then work was started on the grandest of all buildings in Halicarnassus, Mausolus’s tomb. Production was started, but it wasn’t finished when Mausolus died in 353 B.C.E. His wife and sister, Artemisia the second, was devastated by her husbands death that she ordered a grander project to replace the original plan. The result was a true wonder.
The structure was grand, but another part that made this tomb a wonder was the sculptures that were on it. However, Artemisia died in 351 B.C.E., before the wonder was finished. She missed it by only a year! Yet Wonders of the Ancient W0rld, the book I am reading, did not cite when it was destroyed, even though I know it was destroyed at some point.