From 1921 to 1922, excavations in Pakistan revealed two ancient cities, Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, that established our knowledge of the Indus Valley civilization, one of the earliest pioneers of civilization.
Mohenjo Daro was likely the biggest settlement in the Indus Valley civilization. It name means “The Mound of the Dead”, since locals thought it was an old burial cite before the excavations took place. Its grid pattern of roads means it was likely one of the first, if not the first, planned cities. We have also discovered the massive amounts of trade that took place there. From Mesopotamia to China, the people of the Indus Valley civilization traded many things including peacocks, ivory, and incense.
The city of Mohenjo Daro collapsed at about 1700 B.C.E. How this happened is still a mystery, as it is with much of this ancient settlement. But all in all, Mohenjo Daro is still a fascinating city that uncovers many things of the long forgotten past.
By Saqib Qayyum (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons